Monday, November 12, 2007

Brief Chronology of the The Kings of Israel and Judah

1 and 2 Kings and Chronicles Chronology

*Indicates a Righteous King


1. Rehoboam

a. Took the counsel of his friend's and split the Kingdom

b. Leads Judah to Idolatry

c. Constant war w/ Jeroboam

d. Prophet: Shemaiah stops Jeroboam's plan by telling Judah not to attack Israel.

e. Shishak of Egypt Invades

2. Abijam

a. Sinned like his father

b. Defeats Jeroboam/Israel b/c he trusted in God.

3. Asa*

a. Removed his grandmother Maacah from being queen mother b/c of the Asherah.

b. Persuaded Ben-hadad King of ARam to betray Baasha King of Israel and open up routes into and out of Judah, instead of trusting in God.

c. Removed the high places and commanded to observe the law.

d. Defeated an army of one million Ethiopians. 2 Chronicles 14:11b "LORD, there is no one besides You to help in the battle between the powerful and those who have no strength; so help us, O LORD our God, for we trust in You, and in Your name have come against this multitude. O LORD, You are our God; let not man prevail against You."

e. Prophet: Azariah, Hanani (who he threw in prison for telling him he should not have trusted in Ben-hadad)

f. Died bitter against God.

4. Jehoshaphat*

a. Fought together with Ahab bringing about God's wrath.

b. Married to Athaliah, the daughter of Ahab and Jezebel and formed an alliance of Israel.

c. Prophet: Micaiah - When the 400 "prophets" of Israel said that they would be victorious in the battle of Ramoth-gilead (Aram), he told them God would not. Jehu - After talking to the king, he institutes reforms in all Judah.

5. Joram/Jehoram

a. 2 Kings 8:22 "So Edom revolted against Judah to this day Then Libnah revolted at the same time."

b. Killed all his brothers and some of the rulers of Israel.

c. Married Ahab's daughter.

d. Prophet: Elijah said God will strike him with a bowel disease for his treachery.

6. Ahaziah

a. 2 Kings 8:26b "And his mother's name was Athaliah the granddaughter of Omri king of Israel."

b. 2 Kings 11: 1 When Athaliah the mother of Ahaziah saw that her son was dead, she rose and destroyed all the royal offspring. 2But Jehosheba, the daughter of King Joram, sister of Ahaziah, took Joash the son of Ahaziah and stole him from among the king's sons who were being put to death, and placed him and his nurse in the bedroom. So they hid him from Athaliah, and he was not put to death. 3So he was hidden with her in the house of the LORD six years, while Athaliah was reigning over the land...20So all the people of the land rejoiced and the city was quiet. For they had put Athaliah to death with the sword at the king's house.

c. Slain by Jehu.

7. Jehoash/Joash* The Hidden King

a. 2 Kings 12:2 Jehoash did right in the sight of the LORD all his days in which Jehoiada the priest instructed him. - Started reign at age 7.

b. Reparied the temple.

c. 2 Kings 12:17 Then Hazael king of Aram went up and fought against Gath and captured it, and Hazael set his face to go up to Jerusalem. 18Jehoash king of Judah took all the sacred things that Jehoshaphat and Jehoram and Ahaziah, his fathers, kings of Judah, had dedicated, and his own sacred things and all the gold that was found among the treasuries of the house of the LORD and of the king's house, and sent them to Hazael king of Aram. Then he went away from Jerusalem.

d. Assassinated at the house of Millo b/c he killed the High-Priest Zechariah (2 Chronicles 24:20-22) the son of Jehoiada and was not buried in the tomb of the kings.

e. Before his inauguration, the priest Jehoiado led a coup against Athaliah and had the Levites protect him 24/7.

f. Jehoiada the priest reinstituted the priestly service, the Law, and killed the worshipers of Baal.

8. Amaziah*

a. 2 Kings 14: 5 Now it came about, as soon as the kingdom was firmly in his hand, that he killed his servants who had slain the king his father. 6But the sons of the slayers he did not put to death, according to what is written in the book of the Law of Moses, as the LORD commanded, saying, "The fathers shall not be put to death for the sons, nor the sons be put to death for the fathers; but each shall be put to death for his own sin

b. Challenged Jehoash king of Israel, in hubris, b/c he defeated Edom and lost to him.

c. Turned away from the Lord and was assassinated in Lachish.

9. Azariah/Uzziah*

a. Inaugurated at 16.

b. Struck with leprosy b/c in pride he tried to usurp the priestly function of burning incense.

10. Jotham*

a. Co-regent with his father after Uzziah was struck with leprosy.

b. Built the upper gate of the house of the LORD and cities in Judah.

c. Prophet: Zechariah (different one)

11. Ahaz

a. War with Rezin king of Aram and sought the help of Tiglath-pileser king of Assyria.

b. 2 Kings 16;10 Now King Ahaz went to Damascus to meet Tiglath-pileser king of Assyria, and saw the altar which was at Damascus; and King Ahaz sent to Urijah the priest the pattern of the altar and its model, according to all its workmanship

c. Made alterations to the altar and temple in Jerusalem.

d. Worshiped Baal and even passed his sons through the fire.

e. Judah was given over to Aram and Israel during this time.

f. Prophet: Oded. The Israelites were going to take 200,000 slaves from Judah after they were defeated in battle, but he told them they had much guilt and sin before God as well. The Israelites agreed, clothed the naked, anointed with oil, and even put the feeble of Judah and took them to Jericho.

12. Hezekiah*

a. Prophet = Isaiah, Micah

b. Sennacherib king of Assyria came up against Jersualem and his commander Rabshakeh, insisted they give up or be destroyed. Hezekiah prays for deliverance and 2 Kings 19:35 Then it happened that night that the angel of the LORD went out and struck 185,000 in the camp of the Assyrians; and when men rose early in the morning, behold, all of them were dead.

c. Hezekiah was about to die, but he prayed and the LORD gave him 15 years.

d Berodach-baladan a son of Baladan, king of Babylon, came and Hezekiah arrogantly showed off all his riches to him. For this deed Isaiah told him

2 Kings20:17 'Behold, the days are coming when all that is in your house, and all that your fathers have laid up in store to this day will be carried to Babylon; nothing shall be left,' says the LORD. 18'Some of your sons who shall issue from you, whom you will beget, will be taken away; and they will become officials in the palace of the king of Babylon.'... 19Then Hezekiah said to Isaiah, "The word of the LORD which you have spoken is good." For he thought, "Is it not so, if there will be peace and truth in my days?"

3. Jeremiah 26:18 "Micah of Moresheth prophesied in the days of Hezekiah king of Judah; and he spoke to all the people of Judah, saying, 'Thus the LORD of hosts has said, "Zion will be plowed as a field, and Jerusalem will become ruins, and the mountain of the house as the high places of a forest."' - Hezekiah did not put him to death and this analogy was used to spare Jeremiah as well.

4. Led reforms to quickly establish worship back in Jerusalem and reversed all the idolatry of Ahaz.

5. Sent couriers to throughout Judah and even Israel to invite them to worship the Passover.

6. 2 Chrnoicles 30:17For there were many in the assembly who had not consecrated themselves; therefore, the Levites were over the slaughter of the Passover lambs for everyone who was unclean, in order to consecrate them to the LORD. 18For a multitude of the people, even many from Ephraim and Manasseh, Issachar and Zebulun, had not purified themselves, yet they ate the Passover otherwise than prescribed. For Hezekiah prayed for them, saying, "May the good LORD pardon 19everyone who prepares his heart to seek God, the LORD God of his fathers, though not according to the purification rules of the sanctuary." 20So the LORD heard Hezekiah and healed the people.

7. 2 Chronicles 32:31Even in the matter of the envoys of the rulers of Babylon, who sent to him to inquire of the wonder that had happened in the land, God left him alone only to test him, that He might know all that was in his heart.

13. Manasseh

a. 2 Kings 21:3 For he rebuilt the high places which Hezekiah his father had destroyed; and he erected altars for Baal and made an Asherah, as Ahab king of Israel had done, and worshiped all the host of heaven and served them... 6He made his son pass through the fire, practiced witchcraft and used divination, and dealt with mediums and spiritists. He did much evil in the sight of the LORD provoking Him to anger

b. 2 Kings 21:10 Now the LORD spoke through His servants the prophets, saying, 11"Because Manasseh king of Judah has done these abominations, having done wickedly more than all the Amorites did who were before him, and has also made Judah sin with his idols; 12therefore thus says the LORD, the God of Israel, 'Behold, I am bringing such calamity on Jerusalem and Judah, that whoever hears of it, both his ears will tingle.

c. 2 Kings 21:16 Moreover, Manasseh shed very much innocent blood until he had filled Jerusalem from one end to another; besides his sin with which he made Judah sin, in doing evil in the sight of the LORD.

d. After being captured by Assyria, he humbled himself before the LORD and removed all the idols he had once placed all over Judah.

e. Reigned starting from age 12.

14. Amon

a. 2Kings 21:23The servants of Amon conspired against him and killed the king in his own house. 24Then the people of the land killed all those who had conspired against King Amon, and the people of the land made Josiah his son king in his place.

15. Josiah*

a. Was 8 when he started his monarchy!

b. 2 Kings 22:8 Then Hilkiah the high priest said to Shaphan the scribe, "I have found the book of the law in the house of the LORD." And Hilkiah gave the book to Shaphan who read it.

c. Josiah removed all idol worship from Judah:

2 Kings 23:16Now when Josiah turned, he saw the graves that were there on the mountain, and he sent and took the bones from the graves and burned them on the altar and defiled it according to the word of the LORD which the man of God proclaimed, who proclaimed these things... (cf. 1 Kings 13:2) 19 Josiah also removed all the houses of the high places which were in the cities of Samaria, which the kings of Israel had made provoking the LORD; and he did to them just as he had done in Bethel. 20All the priests of the high places who were there he slaughtered on the altars and burned human bones on them; then he returned to Jerusalem.

d. Reinstituted the Passover and 2 Kings 23:25 Before him there was no king like him who turned to the LORD with all his heart and with all his soul and with all his might, according to all the law of Moses; nor did any like him arise after him. 26However, the LORD did not turn from the fierceness of His great wrath with which His anger burned against Judah, because of all the provocations with which Manasseh had provoked Him.

27The LORD said, "I will remove Judah also from My sight, as I have removed Israel And I will cast off Jerusalem, this city which I have chosen, and the temple of which I said, 'My name shall be there.'"

e. 2 Kings 23:29 In his days Pharaoh Neco king of Egypt went up to the king of Assyria to the river Euphrates And King Josiah went to meet him, and when Pharaoh Neco saw him he killed him at Megiddo.

f. Prophets/Prophetess: Jeremiah and Huldah

16. Jehoahaz the son of Josiah

a. Reigned only 3 months than 2 Kings 23:33 Pharaoh Neco imprisoned him at Riblah in the land of Hamath, that he might not reign in Jerusalem; and he imposed on the land a fine of one hundred talents of silver and a talent of gold.

b. Jeremiah 22:11 For thus says the LORD in regard to Shallum the son of Josiah, king of Judah, who became king in the place of Josiah his father, who went forth from this place, "He will never return there; 12but in the place where they led him captive, there he will die and not see this land again.

17. Eliakim/Jehoiakim the son of Josiah

a. 2 Kings 23:34Pharaoh Neco made Eliakim the son of Josiah king in the place of Josiah his father, and changed his name to Jehoiakim But he took Jehoahaz away and brought him to Egypt, and he died there.

b. Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon, ruled Judah, but he rebelled against him, and destroyed Judah:

2 Kings 24:3 Surely at the command of the LORD it came upon Judah, to remove them from His sight because of the sins of Manasseh, according to all that he had done, 4and also for the innocent blood which he shed, for he filled Jerusalem with innocent blood; and the LORD would not forgive.

3. Jeremiah 22:18 Therefore thus says the LORD in regard to Jehoiakim the son of Josiah, king of Judah,
"They will not lament for him:
'Alas, my brother!' or, 'Alas, sister!'
They will not lament for him:
'Alas for the master!' or, 'Alas for his splendor!'
19"He will be buried with a donkey's burial,
Dragged off and thrown out beyond the gates of Jerusalem.

4. Jeremiah 26:20 "Indeed, there was also a man who prophesied in the name of the LORD, Uriah the son of Shemaiah from Kiriath-jearim; and he prophesied against this city and against this land words similar to all those of Jeremiah." - He fled to Egypt, but Jehoiakim found and killed him.

18. Jehoiachin/Jeconiah the son of Jehoiakim

a. 2 Kings 24:12 Jehoiachin the king of Judah went out to the king of Babylon, he and his mother and his servants and his captains and his officials So the king of Babylon took him captive in the eighth year of his reign... 14Then he [Nebuchadnezzar] led away into exile all Jerusalem and all the captains and all the mighty men of valor, ten thousand captives, and all the craftsmen and the smiths None remained except the poorest people of the land. [Ezekiel included in deportation and started his ministry in captivity]

b. 2 Kings 25: 27 Now it came about in the thirty-seventh year of the exile of Jehoiachin king of Judah, in the twelfth month, on the twenty-seventh day of the month, that Evil-merodach king of Babylon, in the year that he became king, released Jehoiachin king of Judah from prison; 28and he spoke kindly to him and set his throne above the throne of the kings who were with him in Babylon. 29Jehoiachin changed his prison clothes and had his meals in the king's presence regularly all the days of his life; 30and for his allowance, a regular allowance was given him by the king, a portion for each day, all the days of his life.

c. The Davidic Line Curse

Jeremiah 22:30"Thus says the LORD,
'Write this man down childless,
A man who will not prosper in his days;
For no man of his descendants will prosper
Sitting on the throne of David
Or ruling again in Judah.'"

d. Prophets: Jeremiah, Ezekiel

19. Mattaniah/Zedekiah the son of Josiah

a. 2 Kings 24:17 Then the king of Babylon made his uncle Mattaniah king in his place, and changed his name to Zedekiah.

b. 2 Kings 24;20 For through the anger of the LORD this came about in Jerusalem and Judah until He cast them out from His presence And Zedekiah rebelled against the king of Babylon.

c. Jerusalem was sieged and overtaken and 2 Kings 25:6 Then they captured the king and brought him to the king of Babylon at Riblah, and he passed sentence on him. 7They slaughtered the sons of Zedekiah before his eyes, then put out the eyes of Zedekiah and bound him with bronze fetters and brought him to Babylon.

d. 2 Kings 25: ...Nebuzaradan the captain of the guard, a servant of the king of Babylon, came to Jerusalem. 9He burned the house of the LORD, the king's house, and all the houses of Jerusalem; even every great house he burned with fire. 10So all the army of the Chaldeans who were with the captain of the guard broke down the walls around Jerusalem... 12But the captain of the guard left some of the poorest of the land to be vinedressers and plowmen.

e. Gedaliah the son of Ahikam, the son of Shaphan [Josiah's secretary], was made governor over the people left in Judah.

f. 2 Kings 25:25 But it came about in the seventh month, that Ishmael the son of Nethaniah, the son of Elishama [secretary under Jehoiakim], of the royal family, came with ten men and struck Gedaliah down so that he died along with the Jews and the Chaldeans who were with him at Mizpah [They then fled to Egypt b/c they were afraid of the Babylonians].

g. Jehoiachin is released by Evil-merodac, King of Babylon, the son of Nebuchadenezzar.

h. Of note in 2 Kings 25:18 Seraiah the chief priest is the ancestor of Ezra

i. Zedekiah tried to ally with Pharaoh Apries (aka Hopra) to rebel against Babylon.

j. Prophet: Jeremiah - Zedekiah did not listen to him.

k. 2 Chronicles 36:15The LORD, the God of their fathers, sent word to them again and again by His messengers, because He had compassion on His people and on His dwelling place;

16but they continually mocked the messengers of God, despised His words and scoffed at His prophets, until the wrath of the LORD arose against His people, until there was no remedy.

17Therefore He brought up against them the king of the Chaldeans who slew their young men with the sword in the house of their sanctuary, and had no compassion on young man or virgin, old man or infirm; He gave them all into his hand.

18All the articles of the house of God, great and small, and the treasures of the house of the LORD, and the treasures of the king and of his officers, he brought them all to Babylon.

19Then they burned the house of God and broke down the wall of Jerusalem, and burned all its fortified buildings with fire and destroyed all its valuable articles.

20Those who had escaped from the sword he carried away to Babylon; and they were servants to him and to his sons until the rule of the kingdom of Persia,


1. Jeroboam I the son of Solomon

a. Promised by God through the prophet Ahijah the Shilonite that he would control 10 tribes (1 Kings 11:31)

b. B/c of his idolatry God cursed him in 13:2 "He cried against the altar by the word of the LORD, and said, "O altar, altar, thus says the LORD, 'Behold, a son shall be born to the house of David, Josiah by name; and on you he shall sacrifice the priests of the high places who burn incense on you, and human bones shall be burned on you.'" - Unknown Prophet who was tricked by another and struck down for disobeying God

c. He tells his wife tries to go in disguise adn try to fool Ahijah, but then gets this prophesy in 14:9b-10 I am bringing calamity on the house of Jeroboam, and will cut off from Jeroboam every male person, both bond and free in Israel, and I will make a clean sweep of the house of Jeroboam, as one sweeps away dung until it is all gone. 11 "Anyone belonging to Jeroboam who dies in the city the dogs will eat. And he who dies in the field the birds of the heavens will eat; for the LORD has spoken it."'

d. Never recovers from the battle with Abijah

2. Nadab the son of Jeroboam

3. Baasha the son of Ahijah of the house of Issachar

a. 1 Kings 15:27 "...struck him [Nadab] down at Gibbethon, which belonged to the Philistines, while Nadab and all Israel were laying siege to Gibbethon."

b. Ruled in Tizrah for 24 years.

c. Constant war with Asa.

d. Due to his idolatry, he received the same punishment as Jeroboam.

e. 1 Kings 16:7 "Moreover, the word of the LORD through the prophet Jehu the son of Hanani also came against Baasha and his household, both because of all the evil which he did in the sight of the LORD, provoking Him to anger with the work of his hands, in being like the house of Jeroboam, and because he struck it."

4. Elah the son of Baasha

a. Reigned 2 years - killed while drunk at Tizrah.

5. Zimri the commander of half of Elah's chariots

a. 1 Kings 16:11 "It came about when he became king, as soon as he sat on his throne, that he killed all the household of Baasha; he did not leave a single male, neither of his relatives nor of his friends. 12Thus Zimri destroyed all the household of Baasha, according to the word of the LORD, which He spoke against Baasha through Jehu the prophet"

b. Reigned 7 days from Tizrah and 1 Kings 16:18 "When Zimri saw that the city was taken, he went into the citadel of the king's house and burned the king's house over him with fire, and died" - as a punishment for idolatry.

6. Omri the commander of the army

a. 1Kings 16:17 "Then Omri and all Israel with him went up from Gibbethon and besieged Tirzah."

b. More evil than all the kings before him.

c. Ruled from the hill Samaria.

d. 1 Kings 16: 21-22 "Then the people of Israel were divided into two parts: half of the people followed Tibni the son of Ginath, to make him king; the other half followed Omri. But the people who followed Omri prevailed over the people who followed Tibni the son of Ginath. And Tibni died and Omri became king."

7. Ahab the son of Omri

a. Marries Jezebel 1 Kings 16:31b "the daughter of Ethbaal king of the Sidonians, and went to serve Baal and worshiped him."

b.1 Kings 16: 34 "In his days Hiel the Bethelite built Jericho; he laid its foundations with the loss of Abiram his firstborn, and set up its gates with the loss of his youngest son Segub, according to the word of the LORD, which He spoke by Joshua the son of Nun." (cf. Joshua 6:26)

c. Prophets during his reign: Elijah, Elisha, Obadiah (who helped hide 50 prophets from Jezebel and was close to Ahab), the prophet who told Ahab to attack Ben-hadad (20:13), the "man of God" who told Ahab that he would succeed against Ahab when he came back (20:28), the man of the "son of prophets" who told the man to strike him (20:35), and Micaiah

d. Cursed, but he Humbled himself once before God and it was prolonged until the reign of his son (21:29).

8. Ahaziah the son of Ahab

9. Jehoram/Joram the son of Ahab

a. Ahaziah's brother

b. 2 Kings 3:2He did evil in the sight of the LORD, though not like his father and his mother; for he put away the sacred pillar of Baal which his father had made. 3Nevertheless, he clung to the sins of Jeroboam the son of Nebat, which he made Israel sin; he did not depart from them.

c. Elisha prominent: Miraculous water that came and tricked the Moabites, widow of a prophet's oil, shunammite's woman's miraculous birth of a son and later resurrection from the dead, poisonous stew, Naaman healed/Gehazi becomes a leper, axe head, Aramean's flee from the sound of a great army,

d. Cannibalism from from Ben-haded King of Aram's seige.

e. Jehu anointed by Elisha's messenger: 2 Kings 9:7 "You shall strike the house of Ahab your master, that I may avenge the blood of My servants the prophets, and the blood of all the servants of the LORD, at the hand of Jezebel."

10. Jehu the son of Jehoshaphat the son of Nimshi

a. Assassinates Joram King of Israel, Ahaziah King of Judah and all his relatives that he met at at Beth-eked of the shepherds, Jezebel, all 70 of Ahab's sons, and 2 Kings 10:11 "...all who remained of the house of Ahab in Jezreel, and all his great men and his acquaintances and his priests, until he left him without a survivor."

b. All the worshipers of Baal

c. Hosea 1:4 And the LORD said to him, "Name him Jezreel; for yet a little while, and I will punish the house of Jehu for the bloodshed of Jezreel, and I will put an end to the kingdom of the house of Israel.

d. 2 Kings 10:29 However, as for the sins of Jeroboam the son of Nebat, which he made Israel sin, from these Jehu did not depart, even the golden calves that were at Bethel and that were at Dan. 30The LORD said to Jehu, "Because you have done well in executing what is right in My eyes, and have done to the house of Ahab according to all that was in My heart, your sons of the fourth generation shall sit on the throne of Israel." 31But Jehu was not careful to walk in the law of the LORD, the God of Israel, with all his heart; he did not depart from the sins of Jeroboam, which he made Israel sin.

11. Jehoahaz the son of Jehu

a. 2 Kings 13:2 "He did evil in the sight of the LORD, and followed the sins of Jeroboam the son of Nebat, with which he made Israel sin; he did not turn from them. 3So the anger of the LORD was kindled against Israel, and He gave them continually into the hand of Hazael king of Aram, and into the hand of Ben-hadad the son of Hazael."

12. Jehoash/Joash the son of Jehoahaz

a. 2 Kings 13: 17 He said, "Open the window toward the east," and he opened it. Then Elisha said, "Shoot!" And he shot. And he said, "The LORD'S arrow of victory, even the arrow of victory over Aram; for you will defeat the Arameans at Aphek until you have destroyed them." 18Then he said, "Take the arrows," and he took them. And he said to the king of Israel, "Strike the ground," and he struck it three times and stopped. 19So the man of God was angry with him and said, "You should have struck five or six times, then you would have struck Aram until you would have destroyed it But now you shall strike Aram only three times."

b. 2 Kings 13:21 As they were burying a man, behold, they saw a marauding band [of Moabites]; and they cast the man into the grave of Elisha. And when the man touched the bones of Elisha he revived and stood up on his feet.

c. Defeated Amaziah king of Judah in battle.

13. Jeroboam II the son of Jehoash/Joash

a. 2 Kings 14:25 He restored the border of Israel from the entrance of Hamath as far as the Sea of the Arabah, according to the word of the LORD, the God of Israel, which He spoke through His servant Jonah the son of Amittai, the prophet, who was of Gath-hepher. 26For the LORD saw the affliction of Israel, which was very bitter; for there was neither bond nor free, nor was there any helper for Israel. 27The LORD did not say that He would blot out the name of Israel from under heaven, but He saved them by the hand of Jeroboam the son of Joash.

14. Zechariah the son of Jeroboam

a. Reigned 6 months in Samaria and was assassinated by Shallum the son of Jabesh.

b. 2 Kings 15: 12 This is the word of the LORD which He spoke to Jehu, saying, "Your sons to the fourth generation shall sit on the throne of Israel." And so it was. (cf. 2 Kings 10:30)

15. Shallum the son of Jabesh

a. Reigned one month and was assassinated by Menahem.

16. Menahem the son of Gadi

a. 2 Kings 15:16 Then Menahem struck Tiphsah and all who were in it and its borders from Tirzah, because they did not open to him; therefore he struck it and ripped up all its women who were with child.

b. 2 Kings 15:19 Pul, king of Assyria, came against the land, and Menahem gave Pul a thousand talents of silver so that his hand might be with him to strengthen the kingdom under his rule. 20Then Menahem exacted the money from Israel, even from all the mighty men of wealth, from each man fifty shekels of silver to pay the king of Assyria. So the king of Assyria returned and did not remain there in the land.

17. Pekahiah the son of Menahem

a. Ruled 2 years and was killed by his officer Pekah in Samaria.

18 Pekah the son of Remaliah

b. Killed by Hoshea the son of Elah after 20 years.

19. Hoshea the son of Elah

a. 2 Kings 17:3 Shalmaneser king of Assyria came up against him, and Hoshea became his servant and paid him tribute.

b. Hoshea sought the help of the Egyptians and stopped paying tribute to Assyria and eventually they besieged Samaria for 3 years and "carried Israel away into exile to Assyria, and settled them in Halah and Habor, on the river of Gozan, and in the cities of the Medes." (2 Kings 17:6)

c. 2 Kings 17:25 At the beginning of their living there [Israel], they did not fear the LORD; therefore the LORD sent lions among them which killed some of them... 28So one of the priests whom they had carried away into exile from Samaria came and lived at Bethel, and taught them how they should fear the LORD... 41So while these nations feared the LORD, they also served their idols; their children likewise and their grandchildren, as their fathers did, so they do to this day.